Problems with our wisdom teeth is one of the most common and painful oral health issue that almost everyone experience at least once in their lifetime. Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to break through the gums. There are normally four wisdom teeth in total, two in each jaw. But due to mutation and smaller jaw sizes, sometimes they are missing in few people, not able to erupt completely or partially erupted ( called as impacted). They normally grow (erupt) through between the ages of 17 to 21 and can often cause issues because there isn’t enough room in the mouth for the wisdom teeth to grow properly. Due to this lack of space the teeth can come through at an angle or only partially push through the gum
Most of the people faces lot of problems while eruption of their wisdom teeth. It might be mild in few people or very severe in some. Pain in the wisdom teeth may resolve on its own, but in some cases it need dental surgery. Therefore it is important that you should know the warning signs of impacted wisdom tooth so you can identify the issue as early as possible.
A lot of people have superstitions for wisdom tooth like removal of wisdom tooth may lead to lack of wisdom or your eyes will be affected if you extract this tooth and all that. All those are just false belief.
Sometimes Impacted wisdom teeth can result in damage to other teeth and other dental problems. In some cases, impacted wisdom teeth may cause no apparent or immediate problems. But because they’re hard to clean, they may be more vulnerable to tooth decay and gum disease.
The Dentist who is specialized in wisdom tooth extraction is ORAL SURGEON. At TOOTH CARE DENTAL CLINIC, we provide you the most experienced oral surgeon, who can evaluate the type of impaction and what all medical complications you can face. We have oral surgeon who is experience from PGI and AIIMS. So they are highly experienced in their work. Also they guide you what all precaution you have to take care after extraction of wisdom tooth.
Symptoms that mean you should visit the dentist include:
- Pain when biting or chewing
- Severe aching pain in the back of your mouth
- Swollen gums
- Difficulty opening your mouth
- Bad breath
- Pain around the jaw or ear on that side of your face
Problems Caused by Impacted Wisdom Teeth
As mentioned not all wisdom teeth will cause pain or problems. However, some impacted wisdom teeth which are partially erupted can cause problems. This is normally due to food and bacteria getting trapped around the edges of the gum, which is turn causes infection and decay.
Swollen Gums: This happens when the deposits releases toxins that irritate your gums making them red, swollen and cause bleeding.
Tooth Decay: Due to the plaque developing from the trapped food and bacteria, wisdom tooth problems can cause tooth decay and cavities.
Pericoronitis: This occurs when the soft tissue around the tooth gets infected from the plaque and can dangerously spread to the throat or the neck.
Cellulitis: This occurs when infection spread in the cheek, tongue or throat
Abscesses: These can occur when pus collects in your wisdom teeth, or the surrounding tissue caused by bacterial infection
Cysts: cysts can develop from a wisdom tooth which is not pushing through the gum properly.
Home Remedies for Wisdom Tooth Pain
Ice Cubes: Apply to the painful wisdom teeth area. It will lead to numbness in that region and reduce swelling.
Pain Relievers: They help temporarily and ease the discomfort associated with painful wisdom teeth.
Warm Saline Rinses: Take one glass of warm water and add two teaspoons of salt. Rinse your mouth, it will help to dislodge food particles and bacteria that could be causing a painful infection.
Visit your Dentist
Wisdom tooth pain should not be taken lightly. Home Remedies for pain management is an option for some patients, in most cases wisdom tooth extraction is the best way to alleviate wisdom tooth pain. Your dentist will be able to evaluate your specific health needs and help you decide on the best option. An important first step if you think you may be experiencing wisdom tooth pain is to make an appointment to see your dentist. Your dentist will be able to evaluate the area, take necessary X-rays, and determine whether or not your pain is due to wisdom tooth or something else.
For extraction of wisdom teeth, your oral surgeon will locally anaesthise that region. He might section the tooth in small pieces and it will be removed slowly. You’ll feel some pressure just before the tooth is removed . The time it takes to remove the tooth will vary. Some procedures only take a few minutes, whereas others can take 30 minutes or longer. After your wisdom teeth have been removed, you may experience some swelling and discomfort. This can be on both the inside and outside of your mouth lasting for between 1 or 2 weeks. A few people who are medically compromised, in such cases special care is taken.
When you feel your wisdom tooth is erupting, there are few things that can make it less likely that your gums become infected. These actions include:
Good oral hygiene: Brushing teeth twice a day, flossing, and using mouthwash can help reduce the bacteria in the mouth that cause infections.
Drinking plenty of water: This helps to flush food and bacteria away from the teeth and gums.
Avoid sugary foods: Sweet foods can get stuck inside the broken gums, encouraging bacteria to grow.