Why your teeth get stains??

Maximum patients ask this question ‘”why my teeth are getting discolored”? At Tooth care dental clinic we mainly focus on cause of discoloration. Our best dentist believe in proper diagnosis of discoloration , all tests are done to rule out the cause because treatment depends on the factors which are causing discoloration. We guide our patients how to keep their teeth stain free. We have the best cosmetic dentist who does all aesthetic procedure and he also takes care for discoloration of your teeth.  Here we have explained what causes yellowness of teeth, what is the treatment, is it treatable or not.

What causes teeth staining:
Tooth discoloration, sometimes is due to just surface staining like coffee or turmeric but sometimes it is inside the tooth like fluorosis. Treatment is also based on type of staining. Your dentist will do some test and he or she will be able to recognize that, is it internal staining or external staining.

External teeth staining:
Extrinsic tooth stains are typically caused by smoking (tobacco use) or by regularly drinking coffee and tea, wine or cola drinks.  Sometimes it is also due to some component in food like turmeric or due to some berries, fruits such as blueberries, vegetables such as beetroot, soya sauce, and curry. But this type of staining can be corrected just by scaling and bleaching.

Internal teeth staining: This type of discoloration basically occurs inside the tooth below enamel layer and it is bit difficult to remove by bleaching and cleaning. Excessive fluoride use  have been associated with intrinsic, especially in children .Children who take the antibiotic tetracycline (or whose mothers took it while pregnant) often have such stains. Silver (amalgam) fillings as they corrode can often stain surrounding tooth structure. It can be treated by veneers and crowns.

Neglecting oral hygiene: Poor dental hygiene, such as inadequate brushing or flossing, can lead to tooth discoloration.

Old age yellowing of teeth: With growing age Enamel( white outer layer of  teeth) wears thin, allowing the underlying (yellow) dentine to show through. This is why teeth appear more yellow as we age.

Medications: some medications including high blood pressure medications, chemotherapy, antihistamines and some anti psychotic medications can cause teeth stains.

Trauma : sometime accidental injuries causes discoloration of teeth. This happens because of loss of blood supply from tooth. It can be corrected by bleaching or RCT and further crowning.

How to Remove Teeth Stains

Before treating this problem, the most important step is to diagnosis of discoloration and your dentist is the best person who can guide you. Visit your dentist, he will tell you, that your stains are external or internal. For external stains , he will guide you proper brushing methods and scaling , polishing. For internal stains, he has to rule out the cause. Either veneers or sometimes bleaching also works.

Here are few home remedies which can help you to prevent staining:

  1. Brush your teeth twice a day. Learn the proper method of brushing. Use soft bristle brush. Don’t be harsh while brushing otherwise enamel layer of your teeth will be worn away also you might hurt your gums.
  2. Stop smoking. Easier said than done, but we are all well aware of the “smokers teeth look” so it makes perfect sense that if you stop smoking, you will reduce the build-up of staining on the teeth and tongue.
  3. Be careful with your diet.After having staining beverages (tea, coffee, wine, cola etc.) clean your teeth. Also decrease their frequency. Try to avoid them if not posiible then restric their usage only once a day.
  4. Use a straw. Sipping fizzy drinks, smoothies and fruit juices through a straw will reduce your teeth’s exposure to these staining beverages.
  5. Regular Scaling. Visit your dentist once in 6 months.  A scaling and polishing takes about 20 minutes and does a superb job of helping maintain a happy, healthy mouth.

Bleeding gums (Gingivitis)

Bleeding gums (Gingivitis)

Blood in your sink after you brushing your teeth can be the most common indication of gum diseases. Bleeding, redness, and painful gums can be a symptom of gingivitis (a biological term for diseased gums) that arises due to a number of different causes. . Most commonly, gingivitis is the result of deposits (plaque) build up on the teeth around the gum line. Without adequate removal, the plaque hardens to become tartar, which worsens gingivitis and over time, lead to receding gums. Bleeding gums are the most often symptom of gum disease. But it can also point to other health problems.


Periodontal disease (periodontitis) can occur when gingivitis becomes advanced. Periodontal disease is as infection of the gums, jawbone, and supportive tissues that connect your teeth and gums. Periodontitis can cause your teeth to loosen or fall out.

The dentist who is specialized in gums is called as Periodontist. At Tooth Care Dental Clinic we provide you the best periodontist who can guide yoy how to keep your gums healthy. Also our dentist teach you proper brushing methods so that you don’t abrade your gums. Here in this article, we’ll explain the common causes of bleeding gums, what you can do to stop the bleeding, and when you should see the dentist.

Importance of gums

Normally the colour of gums should be coral pink not red. If the colour of gums is becoming red then it might be indication of some gum diseases or some other systemic condition.They should make a collar around the neck of the tooth.

Though they are a tiny part of your body, gums have a big job. They protect the neck and roots of your teeth from bacteria. They guard our teeth from all injuries. Over time, if we don’t take care for teeth, the tissues become too damaged to hold your teeth, leading to loose teeth.

Causes of Bleeding Gums

Gums usually bleed becomes something irritates them. Here are common reasons gums get irritated:

Poor Oral Hygiene

If we do not maintain oral hygiene regularly , it will lead to build up of plaque which will act as house of bacteria which further leads to inflammation of gums hence ultimately it will cause bleeding in gums.

As bacteria grow, they irritate your gums, causing gingivitis. Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease, and its most common symptom is bleeding gums. sometimes, if gingivitis gets worse, your gums may start to pull away from your teeth, leaving space for bacteria to travel into tissues below your teeth which might lead to destruction of bones which is called as periodontitis. The longer bacteria live in your tissues, it will worse your dental health.


During prganancy there are lot of hormonal changes occurs in female body. This change affect gums also. Hormone changes can cause “pregnancy gingivitis.” In this condition gums may swell up and become sensitive, causing bleeding when you brush or floss. So you should consult your dentist how to take care for gums during pregnancy.


There are few medicines which may increase the risk of bleeding gums. Blood thinners and aspirin keep your blood from clotting. These medicines especially increase your risk of bleeding gums and may cause your gums to bleed for a long time after brushing.
You should inform your dentist if you are taking these medicines.

Brushing Habits

Keep in mind that brushing too hard can also irritate your gums and cause them to bleed. Always use a gentle motion when brushing and consider getting a brush with soft bristles.

Vitamin deficiencies

Vitamins C and K deficiencies can also cause gums to bleed easily. Ask your doctor to check your levels of vitamins C and K if you have bleeding gums that aren’t caused by improper dental care. Follow a diet that contains both nutrients to ensure you’re getting the vitamins you need to stay healthy

Systemic conditions

Some chronic conditions that affect the function of the immune system, such as HIV infection or diabetes, may also have an increased tendency to develop gingivitis.

Treatment of bleeding gums

Good oral hygiene is the first step to managing bleeding gums. Visit your dentist twice per year for scaling (cleaning). Your dentist will advise you how to take care for your oral health and teach you how to brush your teeth properly. Proper brushing and flossing can remove plaque from your gum and reduce your risk of developing gum disease.

You can also try antiseptic mouthwash to minimize plaque formation in your mouth. And a rinse of warm salt water can help soothe swollen gums that bleed easily.

Use a soft toothbrush

It’ll be gentle on inflamed gums, especially if you experience bleeding after brushing your teeth. Medium and hard bristles may be too abrasive for your delicate gums.

Visit your physician

Schedule an appointment with your general physician to determine if dental health is not the underlying issue causing your bleeding gums. Because treatment depends on cause of the condition.

Avoid tobacco

Tobacco products, including cigarettes and chewing tobacco, badly affect your gums. Tobacco destroys your teeth and gums, leading to tooth decay and loss of teeth.

Eat a healthy diet

The foods you eat impact the health of your mouth. Sugars and starches provide food for bacteria, helping them grow. Eating throughout the day also can increase the amount of bacteria in your mouth. Make sure your diet should be rich in vitamin c and k which is beneficial for gums.