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Bleeding gums (Gingivitis)

Bleeding gums (Gingivitis)

Blood in your sink after you brushing your teeth can be the most common indication of gum diseases. Bleeding, redness, and painful gums can be a symptom of gingivitis (a biological term for diseased gums) that arises due to a number of different causes. . Most commonly, gingivitis is the result of deposits (plaque) build up on the teeth around the gum line. Without adequate removal, the plaque hardens to become tartar, which worsens gingivitis and over time, lead to receding gums. Bleeding gums are the most often symptom of gum disease. But it can also point to other health problems.


Periodontal disease (periodontitis) can occur when gingivitis becomes advanced. Periodontal disease is as infection of the gums, jawbone, and supportive tissues that connect your teeth and gums. Periodontitis can cause your teeth to loosen or fall out.

The dentist who is specialized in gums is called as Periodontist. At Tooth Care Dental Clinic we provide you the best periodontist who can guide yoy how to keep your gums healthy. Also our dentist teach you proper brushing methods so that you don’t abrade your gums. Here in this article, we’ll explain the common causes of bleeding gums, what you can do to stop the bleeding, and when you should see the dentist.

Importance of gums

Normally the colour of gums should be coral pink not red. If the colour of gums is becoming red then it might be indication of some gum diseases or some other systemic condition.They should make a collar around the neck of the tooth.

Though they are a tiny part of your body, gums have a big job. They protect the neck and roots of your teeth from bacteria. They guard our teeth from all injuries. Over time, if we don’t take care for teeth, the tissues become too damaged to hold your teeth, leading to loose teeth.

Causes of Bleeding Gums

Gums usually bleed becomes something irritates them. Here are common reasons gums get irritated:

Poor Oral Hygiene

If we do not maintain oral hygiene regularly , it will lead to build up of plaque which will act as house of bacteria which further leads to inflammation of gums hence ultimately it will cause bleeding in gums.

As bacteria grow, they irritate your gums, causing gingivitis. Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease, and its most common symptom is bleeding gums. sometimes, if gingivitis gets worse, your gums may start to pull away from your teeth, leaving space for bacteria to travel into tissues below your teeth which might lead to destruction of bones which is called as periodontitis. The longer bacteria live in your tissues, it will worse your dental health.


During prganancy there are lot of hormonal changes occurs in female body. This change affect gums also. Hormone changes can cause “pregnancy gingivitis.” In this condition gums may swell up and become sensitive, causing bleeding when you brush or floss. So you should consult your dentist how to take care for gums during pregnancy.


There are few medicines which may increase the risk of bleeding gums. Blood thinners and aspirin keep your blood from clotting. These medicines especially increase your risk of bleeding gums and may cause your gums to bleed for a long time after brushing.
You should inform your dentist if you are taking these medicines.

Brushing Habits

Keep in mind that brushing too hard can also irritate your gums and cause them to bleed. Always use a gentle motion when brushing and consider getting a brush with soft bristles.

Vitamin deficiencies

Vitamins C and K deficiencies can also cause gums to bleed easily. Ask your doctor to check your levels of vitamins C and K if you have bleeding gums that aren’t caused by improper dental care. Follow a diet that contains both nutrients to ensure you’re getting the vitamins you need to stay healthy

Systemic conditions

Some chronic conditions that affect the function of the immune system, such as HIV infection or diabetes, may also have an increased tendency to develop gingivitis.

Treatment of bleeding gums

Good oral hygiene is the first step to managing bleeding gums. Visit your dentist twice per year for scaling (cleaning). Your dentist will advise you how to take care for your oral health and teach you how to brush your teeth properly. Proper brushing and flossing can remove plaque from your gum and reduce your risk of developing gum disease.

You can also try antiseptic mouthwash to minimize plaque formation in your mouth. And a rinse of warm salt water can help soothe swollen gums that bleed easily.

Use a soft toothbrush

It’ll be gentle on inflamed gums, especially if you experience bleeding after brushing your teeth. Medium and hard bristles may be too abrasive for your delicate gums.

Visit your physician

Schedule an appointment with your general physician to determine if dental health is not the underlying issue causing your bleeding gums. Because treatment depends on cause of the condition.

Avoid tobacco

Tobacco products, including cigarettes and chewing tobacco, badly affect your gums. Tobacco destroys your teeth and gums, leading to tooth decay and loss of teeth.

Eat a healthy diet

The foods you eat impact the health of your mouth. Sugars and starches provide food for bacteria, helping them grow. Eating throughout the day also can increase the amount of bacteria in your mouth. Make sure your diet should be rich in vitamin c and k which is beneficial for gums.

Nutrition for Your Children


what’s the best formula to fuel your child’s growth and development? Check out these nutrition basics, based on the latest Dietary Guidelines..

Every mother is delighted when her child eats well and worried, if it is in other way. Malnutrition and mental development is a hot topic as there is high level of awareness about the effect of malnutrition on mental and physical development of growing child.

Do you send your children to school every day with the same cheese, jam sandwich, rice or noodlers?? Remember packed lunches should be adequately nutritious. Packing lunch for your kid can become either the most painful or most fun part of a mother’s cooking.

Use your imagination and let your children help choose some items that will be included in lunch.


School children will have a reasonably good appetite but what they eat mainly is nutritionally unbalanced. To overcome this, meal should not only be nutritious but also it should be tasty.

Girls require more protein at 10- 12 years than their male counter parts,since they attain puberty early. During this period, children require more calcium than adults to meet the demand for skeletal growth

Breakfast is particularly important for school children. They have a tendancy to skip breakfast, which is bad. This will make them weak ,tired,and lethargic, which will result in lack of concentration.

Any cereal like oats, dahlia,milk, muesli, steamed banana and fruits will make a good and quick breakfast. If you have time in the morning then you can prepare whole wheat toast, sandwich with a healthy filling like cheese, peanut butter, chicken, eggs or veggetables, also paneer rotis with curd, idli sambhar for a healrhy breakfast.

SWEETS AND CANDIES:  Let your children have occasional sweets. It is not going to cause much harm, if taken in moderation. Main disadvantage of excessive consumption of sweets and candies is that they spoil appetite and cause tooth decay.



  1. Set a good example for your children by eating a healthy and balanced diet.
  2. Eat meals with family as often possible
  3. Encourage your children to eat slowly and chew the food properly
  4. Discourage eating while watching TV.
  5. Do not use food to punish your children.
  6. Regularity in meal time is essential
  7. Do not add unnecessary sugar to drinks and food
  8. Salad can be made interesting for them by adding crushed peanuts or incorporating them in sandwiches.
  9. Do not give skimmed milk to children less than 5 years.
  10. Do not give whole nuts to children below 4 years since they may choke.

Learning and applying this information can make you a good parent.

DENTAL PHOBIA and Fear of The Dentist

Dental phobia affects a large proportion of the population.Many people are so fearful about visiting the dentist that as a result, they let their oral health suffer. Since they avoid visiting a dentist unless pain sets in, it is observed that ultimately they’ll put up with gum infections (periodontal disease), pain, or even broken and unsightly teeth.

It has been estimated that 55% to 65% of Indians avoid seeing the dentist because of anxiety and fear. In a survey by the Indian Dental Association, 40% of those who didn’t see a dentist regularly said that fear were the main reason.

It is important to see a dentist regularly so that they can asses and deal with problems before they worsen and become irreversible (gum diseases), painful (dental abbess) and EXPENSIVE.

People with dental phobia have a higher risk of gum disease and early tooth loss. Avoiding the dentist may have emotional costs as well. Discolored or damaged teeth can make people self-conscious and insecure. They may smile less or keep their mouths partly closed when they speak. Some people can become so embarrassed about how their teeth look that their personal and professional lives begin to suffer. There is often a serious loss of self-esteem.
People with dental phobia also may suffer from poorer health in general, and even lower life expectancy. This is because poor oral health has been found to be related to some life-threatening conditions, such as heart disease and lung infections.


People develop dental anxieties and phobias for many different reasons. When researchers interview patients, however, a few common reason emerge.

Pain — In a survey of people who had not seen a dentist for 12 months, reported fear of pain as the main reason.

Negative past experiences — Anyone who has had pain or discomfort during previous dental procedures is likely to be more anxious the next time around.

Feelings of helplessness and loss of control — Many people develop phobias about situations like When they’re in the dental chair, they have to stay still. They may feel they can’t see what’s going on or predict what’s going to hurt. It’s common for people to feel helpless and out of control, which may trigger anxiety.

Embarrassment — The mouth is an intimate part of the body. People may feel ashamed or embarrassed to have a stranger looking inside. This may be a particular problem if they’re self-conscious about how their teeth look. Dental treatments also require physical closeness. During a treatment, dentist’s face may be just a few inches away. This can make people anxious and uncomfortable.


With advance dentistry, there are many technique and methods to help overcome your anxieties and make your dental experience comfortable and even enjoyable.

  1. COMMUNICATE about your fears to your dentist
  2. Try to be open and honest with your dentist if you feel embarrassed about the condition of your teeth or lack of previous dental care.
  3. Using a pain free injection technique
  4. A full explanation of the procedure involved.

If you are panic or have trouble breathing when objects are placed in your mouth during a dental appointment. If this describes you, you need to tell your dentist about your feelings, concerns and fears. He or she will help you overcome these feelings by changing the way you are treated.

Dental Implants- An Alternative for Replacement

Dental implants are a safe alternative to traditional crowns, bridgework and dentures because implant restoration looks and feels more like natural teeth. More overthey offer new levels of comfort, security and confidence over traditional treatments. For more than two decades, dental implants have been helping to provide quality life to patients with restorative needs

Why to choose IMPLANTS?

  1. If you have missing teeth, the jaw bone begins to shrink over time leading to loss of natural shape of face. Dental implants help to reduce the resorption of jawbone by restoring the function of mastication and esthetics.
  2. Implants are better long term alternatives to bridgework as they eliminate the need to grind down health teeth when replacing one or more adjacent teeth. Your own natural healthy teeth are not compromised.
  3. Securely anchored dental implants do not slip or move. This eliminates some of the key problems of dentures like poor fit, gum irritation & pain from exposure. The results is superior comfort, reliability & freedom from embarrassment.


The conventional procedure for insertion and loading of dental implants involves several steps that take place over a time period ranging from 3 to 4 months.

Pre-treatment Consultation : After a careful evaluation of your dental and medical health history, your practitioner will determine if you are a good candidate for dental implants.

Initial Implant Placement : Your practitioner places the dental implant into your jaw while you are in local anesthesia. Over the next three months bone will heal into the surface of the implant, thus anchoring it into position.

Final Loading of Implant : Depending on your particular case, an additional minor procedure creates an opening through which your artificial replacement tooth will be screwed for natural restoration.

Proper Maintenance : Your dental practitioner will guide you on the proper care and maintenance of your new implants before, during and after the procedure. By following a routine of careful oral hygiene & regular checkups, your implants will look & feel great for many years to come.


Good dental health is established early in life. Oral care should begin soon after the baby’s birth. Gums should be cleaned after each feeding. You can begin brushing your child’s teeth as soon as they appear, using a super soft toothbrush.

Ideally, your child’s first dental visit should be by the first birthday. Your dentist will check for decay and other problems, teach you how to clean your child’s teeth and identify your child’s fluoride needs. By starting dental visits early, you’ll help your child build a lifetime of good dental habits.

Sucking is a natural behaviour for babies. Many infants begin sucking their thumbs or using pacifiers within three months of birth. Neither habit generally poses a dental problem if it is discontinued before the child’s first permanent teeth erupt.

When babies are teething they often have sore and tender gums. The pain usually can be soothed by gently rubbing the baby’s gums with a clean finger, a small cool spoon or wet gauze. Teething does not cause fever or diarrhea. If your child has an elevated temperature, it needs to be addressed as a separate medical concern.

As soon as teeth appear in the mouth, decay can occur. Even though they will eventually fall out, milk teeth can get cavities and may need to be treated. One serious form of decay among young children is Baby Bottle Tooth Decay. Babies shouldn’t fall asleep with bottles in their mouths. The sugar in juices or milk formulas can cause tooth decay, leading to cavities, dental discomfort, and even tooth loss. Plain water is usually best.

As a child’s permanent teeth erupt, the Dentist can prevent cavities from forming with the help of sealants and fluoride treatment. Sealants are a safe, painless and low-cost way to help protect your child’s teeth from decay. The sealant is bonded to the chewing surfaces of the molars and premolars, and thus prevents these teeth from decay. Fluoride application is a single sitting procedure done once every six months to make the tooth structure stronger and prevents cavities.

A milk tooth usually stays in until a permanent tooth underneath pushes it out and takes its place. Unfortunately, some children lose a milk tooth too soon. If this happens, the teeth beside it may move into the empty space resulting in lack of space for the permanent teeth, leading to crowding. This can be prevented by the use of space maintainers. It is more affordable and easier on your child to keep teeth in normal positions with a space maintainer than to move them back in place with orthodontic treatment.

With your help, your child can have a lifetime of healthy smiles!

  1. A balanced diet is important for healthy teeth and gums. Children especially need calcium to help build strong teeth (milk, cheese, etc.)
  2. Discourage sugary or starchy snacks.
  3. Snack in moderation and include beverages to wash the mouth of food particles.
  4. Set regular snack times to avoid constant exposure to cavity-causing foods.
  5. Seek early dental care for your young one. Begin oral hygiene when the infant’s first tooth emerges.
  6. Encourage good oral health and hygiene habits early. Have youngsters brush frequently with fluoride toothpaste.

Teaching your child to maintain good dental habits is the beginning of good dental health. Proper personal care and regular visits to the Dentist can keep dental problems to a minimum.


Are you considering to skip your next dental check up?

Well, you’re not only endangering your teeth but also putting yourself at greater risks for various systemic diseases like heart diseases, strokes etc..


  • CAVITIES AND TARTAR: This is the very obvious reason why we brush and floss daily. However, there are certain areas in our mouth that are missed by a regular brushing and flossing. Keeping up with those regular dental checkups will overall take care of the plaque and tartar and cavities before they become destructive.
  • ORAL CANCER SCREENING:Oral cancer is not something we can take carelessly or airily. If left untreated, it can become a grave illness. Fortunately, diagnosing oral cancer at an early stage is treatable. So don’t skip this vital screening.
  • GUM DISEASE:Bleeding gums, constant bad breath, red and swollen gums, loose teeth are a few indicators of gum disease. Seeing the dentist regularly will help to detect the disease early as it might be possible to have no noticeable symptoms.
  • KEEPING BAD HABITS IN CHECK:Some of these bad habits include chewing ice, smoking, brushing your teeth too hard, grinding your teeth, biting your nails. Your dentist checks for any oral damage caused by these habits and can fix the damage that has already been done.
  • REGULAR X- RAYS:X –rays can find and detect issues that may be hidden regularly. Some of these problems include impacted teeth, cavities that may require root canal or any jaw related problems.
  • OVERALL HEALTH, VIVACITY AND WELL BEING: Poor dental hygiene can lead to other diseases and conditions such as heart diseases, diabetes, osteoporosis etc.

So, you can place your confidence in us when we say that keep your appointments and seeing your dentist regularly you are doing yourself a big favor in the long run.